Hele beskrivelsen

Road safety

Overall description

Road fatalities and injuries are major transport externalities. The purpose of the road safety research theme is to create a scientific foundation for a continuous reduction in the number of road accidents and their injury severity in a society with a growing need for mobility. To achieve this, there is a need for both a fundamental understanding of the accident causes, risk factors and quantitative estimates of the effects of road safety measures in order to prioritise correctly. The road safety research theme benefits from close cooperation with and interest from the national and international scientific community, The Danish Ministry of Transport and The Danish Ministry of Justice. 

 

Scientific topics

A large number of research topics regarding the interaction between the road user, the vehicle and the road and its surroundings are covered by the road safety theme. The scientific topics include topics related to sub-groups of road users such as young road users[i], old road users[ii], drivers, cyclists, pedestrians as well as particular safety related topics such as risk-taking behaviour[iii], driver training and education[iv], impairment (alcohol and drugs[v], distraction[vi], fatigue[vii]), speed[viii], enforcement[ix] and use of technology[x]

A human factors[xi] approach is used which implies that the characteristics, needs, capabilities and limitations of the road users form the basis of the safety related research topics. Psychology[xii] and statistical modelling[xiii],[xiv],[xv] are the key disciplines applied.

The methods applied include interviews, surveys, epidemiological studies, accident modelling, experimental studies, driving simulator based studies, in depth accident analysis and naturalistic driving using instrumented cars.

Research programmes: IMPROSA (IMproving ROad SAfety) combines psychological insight and statistical modelling with the aim of developing an improved basis for efficient socio-economic prioritising of road safety measures. Funded by the Strategic Research Council.

 

Cooperation relations

Research communities: BASt (D), Copenhagen University, Newcastle University Business School, SWOV (NL), TØI (Norway), Univ. of Montreal, Univ. of Groningen (NL), Aalborg University.

Transport sector: FERSI (Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes), ECTRI (European Conference of Transport Research Institutes), The Danish Ministry of Transport, The Danish Ministry of Justice, The Danish Road Safety Council, The Danish Police, The Road Directorate, Danish Road Traffic Accident Investigation Board, Hospitals in Denmark. 

 

Teaching

Bachelor courses: 13518 Road safety, 13535 Statistical modeling of traffic

Master course: 13232 Road safety

Supervision of diploma, master and PhD students

 

Persons connected to the theme

Mette Møller (contact person), Sonja Haustein, Sigal Kaplan, Kira Janstrup, Laila Martinussen, Liva Abele.


[i] OECD (2006).  Young Drivers. The Road to Safety, OECD Publishing, 261 pp.

[ii] Langford, J., Methorst, R., and Hakamies-Blomqvist, L. (2006). Older drivers do not have a high crash risk – A replication of the low mileage bias. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 38(3): 574-578.

[iii] Reason, J., Manstead, A., Stradling, S., Baxter, J.,  Campbell, K. (1990).Errors and violations on the roads: a real distinction? Ergonomics, 31, 10-11, 1315-1332.

[iv] Hatakka, M., Keskinen, E., Gregersen, N. P., Glad, A., Hernetkoski, K. (2002). From control of the vehicle to personal self-control; broadening the perspectives to driver education. Transportation Research Part F, 3, 201-215.

[v] OECD (2010). Drugs and Driving: Detection and Deterrence, OECD Publishing. 110 pp.

[vi] Regan, M. A., Lee, J. D., Young, K. L. (2009). Driver Distraction. Theory, Effects, and Mitigation, CRC Press.

[vii] Brown, I. D. (1994). Driver fatigue. Human Factors, 36, 298–314.

[viii] Reference følger

[ix] Elvik, R. and Vaa, T. (2004). The handbook of road safety measures. Elsevier. 1078 pp.

[x] Reference følger

[xi] Salvendy, G. (ed.) (2006). Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 3. ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

[xii] Reference følger

[xiii] Fridstrøm, L. (1999). Econometric models of road use, accidents, and road investment decisions. Vol. II. TØI report 457/1999. 292 pp.

[xiv]Gaudry, M. and Lasarre, S. (eds.) (2000). Structural Road Accident Models: The International DRAG Family. Pergamon, Amsterdam.

[xv] Weber (1971).. Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process. Journal of the American Statistical Association 66(334): 285-288.